As divisions emerge over improving relations with the West, Tehran will become increasingly polarised.
Despite a weakening economy at home, the Kremlin will continue to focus on foreign policy matters.
The geopolitical rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran will drive regional developments in 2016.
As Iran resumes large-scale exports and OPEC fails to limit production, oil will remain cheap in 2016.
Concerned about developments on its southern border, Turkey will adopt a more assertive stance towards the Syrian and possibly engage in a limited intervention.
In an election year, the US will face a bold Kremlin, fractious Middle East and assertive China.
China’s assertiveness in the South China Sea will result in the US trying to craft a regional response.
While the lifting of sanctions may signal a broader shift in U.S.-Iranian relations, the historically fraught relationship faces many challenges.
Islam has become the central ideological battle ground in the new Middle Eastern Cold War
Turkey’s desire for a no fly zone over northern Syria has been frustrated by Russian intervention.