Donors meet to discuss Afghan development, the UK Tory Party’s conference wraps up and the second presidential debate
Monday, October 3
China and Germany celebrate national days, markets closed
US and South Korean drills simulating strikes on DPRK nuclear facilities begin
Brazilian President Temer travels to Argentina and Paraguay
Tuesday, October 4
US Vice Presidential debate in Farmville, Virginia
Australia interest rate decision: unchanged at 1.5% expected
India interest rate decision, first under new chairman: unchanged at 6.5% expected
Wednesday, October 5
Seventh State Duma inaugurated in Russia
Sudanese President Bashir begins official visit to Egypt
Thursday, October 6
Possibility of Egypt partially floating currency in accordance with IMF loan deal
G20 finance ministers and central bank chiefs meet in Washington DC
Friday, October 7
Nobel Peace Prize awarded
IMF and World Bank open three-day annual summit in Washington DC
Morocco holds parliamentary elections
Saturday, October 8
Georgia holds parliamentary elections
Russian economic minister visits Turkish counterpart to discuss trade
Palestinian territories hold local elections
Sunday, October 9
Haiti holds re-run of presidential election
Lithuania holds parliamentary elections
Escalating tensions between India and Pakistan after recent skirmishes
BRUSSELS CONFERENCE ON AFGHANISTAN
On Tuesday, world leaders will meet in Brussels to discuss Afghan stability and the financing of state-building and development projects. US Secretary of State John Kerry, outgoing UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani will be among attendees from over 70 countries.
The conference comes on the heels of a similar NATO summit in July, at which members agreed to provide Afghan security forces with $5 billion a year until 2020.
Last week, a top US diplomat said he expected a combined international aid package worth at least $3 billion a year through to 2020 will be agreed upon, but added delivery would be dependent on the effective implementation of reforms.
In recent years, Afghanistan has made significant progress towards education, women’s rights and revenue collection but continues to struggle with corruption and security concerns.
UK CONSERVATIVE PARTY CONFERENCE
The UK’s Conservative Party will draw to a close on Wednesday with a keynote speech from Prime Minister Theresa May. The summit will be May’s first as party leader and is expected to have a heavy focus on Brexit policy.
Ahead of her speech in Birmingham on Tuesday the prime minister stated her intention to trigger Article 50 – which would initiate the process of Britain leaving the EU – before March 2017. Such a development would clear the path for Britain to exit the Union by early 2019.
The Conservative Party has found itself increasingly divided over the way in which Brexit is handled; some MPs advocate keeping strong ties with the EU (and thus making concessions on the free movement of people), while others prefer a much more distinct break.
UN SECRETARY GENERAL STRAW POLL
In New York on Wednesday, the UN Security Council will hold the sixth round of voting on candidates for the next Secretary General.
This will be the first vote in which the ballots of permanent Security Council members – China, France, Russia, the UK and USA – will have different colours from non-permanent members. This process is expected to reveal which candidates have the support (or lack thereof) of veto-holding permanent members, a factor that is expected to significantly narrow the field.
Portugal’s former Prime Minister Antonio Guterres is the current favourite after five rounds of voting.
The Security Council is expected to make its recommendation on the next Secretary General to the General Assembly by the end of October in preparation for Ban Ki-moon stepping down in late December.
SECOND US PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE
Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton will meet for a second debate on Sunday, which will be preceded by a vice presidential debate on Tuesday.
The two presidential candidates traded blows on September 26 in a heated – and at times personal – contest that covered little substantive policy issues. Post-debate polling indicates Hillary Clinton has extended her national lead over Mr Trump, whose popularity has waned slightly. The latest polls give Clinton a three-point lead over her Republican rival.
Sunday’s debate will take the ‘town hall’ format, with half the questions being put directly to the candidates by uncommitted voters and the other half posed by moderators.